How does our animal health surveillance system work?
Western Australia’s animal health surveillance system consists of a set of programs designed to look for evidence that animals are free from specific diseases that could affect trade (such as foot-and-mouth disease or bluetongue disease), or human health (such as mad cow disease or highly pathogenic avian influenza).
Our surveillance system also looks for new or emerging diseases – including in wildlife – that could affect trade or human health.
We gain data about the presence or absence of these diseases when a producer or other member of the livestock industries calls a vet to investigate sick animals and to submit samples to the laboratory for testing.
Data from this information is crucial for proving to international markets that we are free of these diseases.
The producer also benefits from getting a diagnosis of what is causing the problem, which enables them to prevent further losses and optimise their production.
To encourage producers to report sick animals, the Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development (DPIRD) subsidises laboratory testing and veterinary costs for diseases where there are unusual numbers of animal deaths or the signs that look similar to those that could affect public health or market access.
We also gain data via targeted surveillance programs such as the National Arbovirus Monitoring Program (NAMP). Through NAMP, DPIRD works with WA producers to monitor for bluetongue virus in cattle and for presence of insects that could spread the virus. This allows parts of WA to claim area freedom for bluetongue virus and so trade into additional high-value markets.
Our surveillance systems are designed to find diseases early, so that we can eradicate them more quickly, reducing the cost of control and impact on our markets. Trading partners regularly examine our surveillance capacity and judge how quickly we could detect a new disease.
What part do I play in making sure our surveillance system works?
Everyone who works with livestock, including producers, vets, stock agents, transporters and processors, is a frontline member of WA’s animal health surveillance team.
To keep Western Australia’s livestock healthy and markets open:
- It is most important to look at your stock frequently and closely for any signs of disease. If several animals are sick or die, call a vet to investigate. Talk to your private or DPIRD vet about subsidies available for livestock disease investigations.
- Remember that exotic diseases can look similar to common diseases. Know the signs of emergency animal diseases such as foot-and-mouth disease and call your vet or the Emergency Animal Disease hotline on 1800 675 888 immediately if you see signs of the disease.
- You can subscribe to DPIRD’s Surveillance e-newsletter, the WA Livestock Disease Outlook, for regular updates about diseases to watch for in your area. Search ‘WALDO’ on the department website agric.wa.gov.au to subscribe.
Thank you for playing your critical role in WA’s animal health surveillance system.