Oats

The Western Australian oat industry generates about $200 million for the state economy each year through the production of milled (rolled) oats for human consumption and feed oats and oaten hay for livestock production.

The major markets for Australian milling oats are Mexico, North Asia, South-East Asia and South Africa.

Western Australian feed oats are well received by international markets, particularly the growing Middle Eastern and Japanese race horse industries.

Western Australia produces about 50% of Australia's export hay – most of which is sent to the Japanese dairy industry. 

The Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia is a partner within the National Oat Breeding Program, which is responsible for breeding and developing new oat grain and hay varieties with superior quality. 

Articles

  • The Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia's Milling oat variety guide for Western Australia 2017 provides a comparison of yield, grain quality, herbicide tolerance and disease resis

  • Durack was launched in September 2016 as a candidate milling variety with potential for use in oaten hay production.

  • This series of video tutorials has been produced to provide advice about the best ways to monitor and sample crops to diagnose and overcome constraints to crop production.

  • Determining the relative yield loss (tolerance) of commonly grown and newly released oat varieties to crown rot pathogens Fusarium pseudograminearum and F. culmorum.

  • Oat leaves showing brown blotches with surrounding yellow areas typical of septoria blotch

    Septoria avenae blotch is the most common oat disease in Western Australia. It occurs throughout the cereal growing areas, and is most severe in the high rainfall areas.

  • Patchy growth, with plants in poor areas stunted with pale older green leaves with yellow/orange -red ends

    Oats are more susceptible to zinc (Zn) deficiency than wheat or barley.

  • Oat leaves displaying water soaked appearance with red-brown longitudinal stripes typical of stripe blight

    There are two types of bacterial disease which infect oat foliage; halo (Pseudomonas syringae pv. coronafaciens) and stripe (Pseudomonas syringae pv. striafaciens) blight.

  • At head emergence, each grain is replaced by brown to black powdery spores

    Loose smut (Ustilago avenae) and covered smut (Ustilago hordei) of oats are both externally seed- borne diseases with similar symptoms which are difficult to distinguish in the fi

  • Better growth in water gaining areas

    Spring drought refers to plant water stress from insufficient rainfall or stored soil moisture occurring between tillering to maturity. Oats show symptoms more readily than wheat and barley.

  • CSBP oat nutrition trial showing oat crop with symptoms of potassium deficiency

    Potassium is required for photosynthesis, transport of sugars, enzyme activation and controlling water balance within plant cells.

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