Grapes & wine

Western Australia is a notable fine wine producer. Grapes grow in diverse areas of the South West including Margaret River, the Swan Valley, Great Southern, Pemberton, Manjimup, Geographe, Blackwood Valley, Peel and Perth Hills.

The Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development works closely to support industry and sponsors a trophy for the best regional wine at the prestigious Qantas Wine Show.

WA represents just 5% of Australian production but more than 20% of national fine wines. Exports are growing and China is an important market. 

Table grapes are grown from Carnarvon to the south-west and seedless varieties are most popular.


  • Lagrein originates from Italy and is known for its production of medium-bodied table wines that show intense colour, good body with rich berry characters.

  • The aim of having minimum standards of maturity is to ensure consumer satisfaction and encourage repeat sales.

  • There is a general perception that pre-fermentative cold maceration or ‘cold soak’ improves colour, enhances fruit characters and provides complexity to red wines.

  • The Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development (DPIRD) has developed resources on the availability and characteristics of clones of Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Merlot, Shiraz and

  • Since 1981 the Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development has been distributing a quarterly newsletter for the Western Australian wine industry.

  • Garden weevil (Phlyctinus callosus) was accidentally introduced into Western Australia from South Africa. This weevil is now a severe pest of grapevines and other horticultural crops.

  • The European earwig (Forficula auricularia) is native to Europe and has been in Australia from the mid-1850s.

  • Apple looper (Phrissogonus laticostata) is a native insect that damages fruit in apple orchards and vineyards in the South West of Western Australia.

  • The common auger beetle, Xylopsocus gibbicollis, is a native insect that attacks grapevines in the South-West and Great Southern regions of Western Australia.

  • African black beetle (Heteronychus arator), is native to southern Africa. It has been present in Western Australia since the 1930s and occurs in the wetter coastal regions.


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