Northern Australian Biosecurity Surveillance (NABS) activities in Western Australia

Page last updated: Monday, 30 July 2018 - 5:02pm

The Northern Australia Biosecurity Surveillance (NABS) project is a coordinated surveillance program to enhance the early detection of exotic disease incursions and to provide sufficient surveillance information to underpin proof of freedom from trade-sensitive diseases in northern Australia.

NABS was established through the Australian Government Developing Northern Australia and Agricultural Competitiveness White Papers in 2016. It is funded by the Commonwealth Government and supported by the Western Australian, Northern Territory and Queensland jurisdictions and Animal Health Australia. For more information about the program, see the NABS webpage.

The activities taking place in WA as part of the NABS project are outlined below.

NABS activities in Western Australia

The NABS program in WA is focused on activities likely to increase the detection of important diseases of animals. Residents, livestock owners and veterinarians in northern Australia are best placed to spot and report unusual signs of disease in animals and are encouraged to participate in the NABS activities.

Priority diseases that may enter northern Australia and which would cause significant damage to our livestock industries are listed below. Some of these diseases will affect livestock and companion animals and several are zoonotic (can affect people).

NABS priority diseases list

 
Priority disease Species affected Signs Zoonotic 
Foot-and-mouth disease
  • cattle, sheep, pigs, goats
  • fever
  • blisters on mouth and feet
  • salivation
  • lameness
No
Screw worm fly
  • all mammals including cattle, dogs, wildlife 

Maggots in:

  • skin wounds
  • eyes,
  • umbilical cord
Yes
Lumpy skin disease
  • cattle
  • multiple, raised skin lesions
  • fever
  • salivation
  • nasal discharge
No
Rift Valley fever
  • cattle, sheep and goats
  • high death rate in calves
  • abortion in cows
  • fever
Yes
Haemorrhagic septicaemia
  • cattle, buffalo
  • high fever, respiratory distress
  • high death rate
  • sudden death - especially in buffalo
No
Bluetongue virus (exotic serotypes)
  • cattle, sheep, goats
  • no signs in cattle
No

Avian influenza (highly pathogenic)

  • poultry
  • respiratory distress
  • death in birds
Yes

Aujeszky's disease

  • pigs, cattle, sheep, goats
  • dogs and cats
  • high death rate in piglets with or without nervous signs
  • respiratory signs in weaner pigs
  • abortion, reduced viable litters in sows
  • localised itching and death in cattle
  • intense itching, salivation in cats and dogs
No
Rabies
  • all animals
  • dogs, cats, dingoes, foxes – sudden change in temperament, lack of fear, salivation, aggression
  • horses, cattle – excitation or dullness, salivation, obvious nervous involvement
Yes
Hendra virus
  • horses
  • neurological signs
  • respiratory distress
Yes
Surra
  • horses, camels, cattle
  • dogs and cats
  • fever, weakness
  • swelling of legs and brisket
  • death in horses and donkeys
  • wasting, anaemia
  • dogs and cats die suddenly, may show nervous signs
No
Newcastle disease (virulent) 
  • poultry

 

  • depressed
  • swelling of comb
  • may show neurological or respiratory signs
  • death
No
Glanders
  • horses, donkeys
  • dogs and cats
  • fever
  • coughing
  • respiratory distress
  • thick nasal discharge
  • skin lesions
Yes

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Contact information

Graham Mackereth
+61 (0)8 9194 1420
Courtenay Bombara
+61 (0)8 9651 0541
Marion Seymour
+61 (0)8 9651 0534