Orange varieties for Western Australia

Page last updated: Thursday, 15 November 2018 - 2:11pm

Please note: This content may be out of date and is currently under review.

Many new orange varieties have become available in recent years including an early maturing navel and a range of blood oranges. Many are protected by Plant Breeder's Rights and the best are expected to replace some existing commercial varieties in future years. The degree to which new varieties are adopted will depend on their quality, suitability to local conditions and acceptance by markets and consumers.

This page compares the various types, new and old, under Western Australian conditions.


All commercial orange types grown in Australia are classified as sweet oranges. These are thought to have originated from south-west China and north-east India, as did the other main types of citrus.

Sweet oranges are divided into four groups:

  • Navel oranges – many types but the most widely grown is the Washington navel
  • Common oranges – includes Valencia, Hamlin and Salustiana
  • Pigmented oranges – blood oranges (sanguina or sanguigna oranges)
  • Acidless or sugar oranges – low acid and usually fairly tasteless; not commercially important in Australia.

The Department of Agriculture and Food, with industry cooperation, has been evaluating new orange varieties since 1994. Many varieties listed here are publicly available, although a number are protected by Plant Breeder's Rights (PBR).


Contact information

Kevin Lacey
+61 (0)8 9368 3546