Growing mangoes in cooler areas of Western Australia

Page last updated: Wednesday, 10 May 2017 - 11:06am

Please note: This content may be out of date and is currently under review.

Mango fruit produced in the Perth area is seasonally the latest in Australia and receives high prices in WA and interstate. The main commercial growing areas are Wanneroo, West Gingin, Gingin and Dandaragan.

Mangoes are also grown in home gardens and coastal areas as far south as Margaret River. Commercial varieties Kensington Pride (KP) and R2E2 are available from nurseries. Edward is an early season home garden variety with good flavour, but is more difficult to obtain.

Growers in cooler areas will need to protect their young trees from frost.


Early or mid-season mango varieties are the most suitable for the Perth area. Fruit from these varieties will ripen in March and April. This means the tree will flush before winter, flower in early spring and produce its crop in late summer.

Late varieties such as Keitt are not suitable because they ripen too late and will not flush before winter. This results in biennial bearing, which means good cropping one year, followed by poor cropping in the next season.

The main commercial variety around Perth is Kensington Pride, commonly known as “KP”. It produces red-blushed fruit weighing 300-500g. It may be grown from seedlings or grafted on rootstock, which is more expensive.

Other commercial varieties suitable for Perth area
Variety Timing Characteristics
Haden 1-2 weeks later than KP

Small to medium fruit

Red blush

Different taste to KP

Namdok Mai Same time as KP

Long yellow, elongated fruit

Sweet nutty flavour

Common variety in Thailand

R2E2 1-2 weeks later than KP

Second most common variety in Perth area

Large fruit

Good shape

Good storage

Moderate taste

Kent 2-3 weeks later than KP

Large fruit with red blush

Good flavour

Low fibre

Biennial bearing and poor quality fruit may be a problem in cooler areas

Nursery management

KP is polyembryonic, which means that several embryos develop within a single seed. Each embryo will produce trees that are true-to-type. The best time for planting  seeds is in summer, as this will enable good growth before winter. It is best to obtain seeds from trees which have good yields and quality. See link on propagating mangoes for information on growing from seed.

Keep the plants in a sheltered position in a nursery for at least the first two winters and protect them from frost. Plants will grow well given a slow release, well balanced fertiliser. Pot-on to 20cm and 30cm diameter pots as the plants grow. They can be kept in pots until they are more than 1 metre high.

Mango varieties other than KP should only be purchased as grafted plants to ensure that they are true-to-type.


Tara Slaven