Lime incorporation into poor performing, acidic soil patches within the paddock, East Yuna 2016 trial report

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Amelioration of soil pH in poor soil patches in paddocks was tested using lime application and deep ripping treatments.

Lime application had greatest influence on improving wheat yield in poor soil as the yield has increased in this area to closely match the good soil with no lime application.

The sweep and deep rip + sweep treatments improved the subsurface pH but deep ripping treatment prior to lime did not improve subsurface pH.


The most common rate of agricultural lime application is one tonne per hectare as a blanket application across the surface of the whole paddock (Taking soil acidity seriously - results of grower surveys 2012, page 118).

This amount is often insufficient to recover and maintain soils above recommended targets of pH 5.5 and 4.8 in topsoil and subsoil, respectively.

As a result of Caring for Country project SP11-01226, growers in Western Australia are increasingly testing pH of soils below 10cm.

Growers understand the importance of lime in restoring soil pH, as seen by the increase in sales of lime in the northern wheatbelt (Liebe group technical audit results 2012).

However, according to Gazey and Andrew, lime sales of 1.1 million tonnes in 2012 (Effective management of soil acidity requires knowledge at the farm, state and national scale) are still less than half that of the 2.5 million tonnes required per year, indicating low adoption of the recommended practice.

Preliminary work by Davies, 2012 (Developing and assessing agronomic strategies for water repellent soils, page 71) has shown the applicability of a number of innovative techniques, including mouldboard ploughing and rotary spading, for incorporation of lime to depth.

Lime on the topsoil can be incorporated to a depth of 30cm enabling management of pH at this depth.

This trial is one of six similar trials throughout the northern wheatbelt. It will help establish best practice methods and promote the effectiveness of these techniques throughout the rainfall zones of the northern agricultural region.

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