Western Australian Organism List

The Western Australian Organism List (WAOL) database allows you to search for organisms declared under the Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Act 2007 (BAM Act). It is not a complete list of all organisms in Western Australia or their attributes. Use the database to find the legal status of organisms, control requirements, declared pest species and more.

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A total of 22 results were found at 07:45 on 26th May 2024 when searching for Diaspis.


  • Asterodiaspis quercicola (Bouché, 1951) 
    Family: Asterolecaniidae

    Synonym: Lecanium quercicola Bouché, 1851. Common names: pit-making oak scale, golden oak scale, Pustular oak scale, Oak scale.
  • Aulacaspis tegalensis (Zehntner, 1898) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aulacaspis major Rutherford, 1916, Aulacaspis rutherfordi Morrison, 1924, Aulacaspis tagalensis Velasquez & Rimando, 1969, Aulacaspis tegalensis Ferris, 1921, Chionaspis tegalensis Zehntner, 1898, Diaspis rutherfordi Box, 1953, Diaspis rutherfordii Rao &.... Common names: white stem scale, white scale of sugarcane, tagalog scale, Sugarcane scale.
  • Aulacaspis tubercularis Newstead, 1906 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aulacaspis (Diaspis) tubercularis Newstead, 1906, Aulacaspis cinnamomi Newstead, 1908, Diaspis (Aulacaspis) cinnamomi mangiferae Newstead, 1911. Common name: Mango scale.
  • Chionaspis furfura (Fitch, 1857) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aspidiotus furfurus Fitch, 1857, Aspidiotus harrisii Walsh, 1868, Chionaspis furfura Cooley, 1899, Chionaspis furfurus Comstock, 1881, Chionaspis furfurus fulvus King, 1899, Coccus harrisii Walsh, 1866, Diaspis harrisii Signoret, 1877. Common names: scurfy scale, scurfy bark louse, Harris's bark-louse.
  • Chrysomphalus pinnulifer (Maskell, 1891) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonym: Diaspis pinnulifera Maskell, 1891. Common names: hard scale, Armoured scale.
  • Diaspis boisduvalii Signoret, 1869 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aulacaspis boisduvalii Cockerell, 1893, Aulacaspis cattleyae Cockerell, 1899, Aulacaspis cymbidii Fernald, 1903, Diaspis boisduvalii Borchsenius, 1966, Diaspis cattleyae Cockerell, 1902, Diaspis trinacis Colvée, 1881. Common names: cocos scale, cocoa-nut snow scale, Bosiduval scale.
  • Diaspis bromeliae (Kerner, 1778) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonym: Coccus bromeliae Kerner, 1778. Common name: Pineapple scale.
  • Diaspis echinocacti (Bouché, 1833) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aspidiotus echinocacti Bouché, 1833, Diaspis cacti Comstock, 1883, Diaspis calyptroides Costa, 1835, Diaspis calyptroides opuntiae Cockerell, 1893. Common name: cactus scale.
  • Epidiaspis leperii (Signoret, 1869) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aspidiotus piricola Del Guercio, 1894, Aspidiotus pyricola Berlese, 1896, Diaspis betulae Koroneos, 1934, Diaspis fallax Horvath, 1897, Diaspis leperii Signoret, 1869, Diaspis piricola Cockerell, 1897, Diaspis.... Common names: red pear scale, pear-tree oyster scale, grey pear scale, cochenille rouge du poirier, Italian pear scale, European pear scale.
  • Fiorinia Fioriniae (Targioni Tozzetti, 1867) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Diaspis fioriniae Targioni Tozzetti, 1867, Fiorinia camelliae Comstock, 1881, Fiorinia camelliae minor Maskell, 1897, Fiorinia pellucida Targioni Tozzetti, 1868.
  • Howardia biclavis (Comstock, 1883) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Chionaspis biclavis Comstock, 1883, Chionaspis biclavis Maxwell-Lefroy, 1902, Chionaspis biclavis detecta Maskell, 1895, Howardia biclavis Berlese & Leonardi, 1896, Howardia biclavis Ramakrishna Ayyar, 1921, Howardia biclavis detecta Fernald, 1903, MegaloDiaspis biclavis Paoli, 1915. Common name: Mining scale.
  • Lepidosaphes conchiformis (Gmelin, 1790) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Coccus conchiformis Gmelin, 1790, Diaspis conchiformis Targioni Tozzetti, 1867, Insulaspis minima Borchsenius, 1963, Lepidosaphes conchiformes Gill, 1997, Lepidosaphes conchiformioides Borchsenius, 1958, Lepidosaphes conchiformis Lindinger, 1912, Lepidosaphes conchiformis ulmi.... Common names: red oystershell scale, pear oystershell scale, greater fig mussel scale, fig scale, Mediterranean fig scale, Fig oystershell scale.
  • Leucaspis riccae Targioni Tozzetti, 1881 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Howardia lobulata Del Guercio, 1903, Lepidosaphes riccae Fernald, 1903, Leucaspis ephedrae Marchal, 1909, Leucaspis epidaurica Gennadius, 1883, Leucaspis lemmeti Balachowsky, 1927, Leucaspis oleae Lindinger, 1912, Leucaspis riccae Lindinger, 1906, Leucaspis riccai Lindinger, 1912, Leucaspis.... Common name: White olive scale.
  • Lopholeucaspis cockerelli (Grandpré & Charmoy, 1899) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Fiorinia cockerelli Fernald, 1903, Fiorinia cockrelli Grandpré & Charmoy, 1899, Leucaspis cockerelli Leonardi, 1903, LeucoDiaspis cockerelli Lindinger, 1908, Lopholeucaspis cockerelli Balachowsky, 1953. Common name: Diaspine scale.
  • Lopholeucaspis japonica (Cockerell, 1897) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Leucaspis hydrangeae Takahashi, 1939, Leucaspis japonica Fernald, 1903, Leucaspis japonica Lindinger, 1906, Leucaspis japonica darwiniensis Green, 1916, Leucaspis japonicus Cockerell, 1897, Leucaspis menoni Takagi, 1969, LeucoDiaspis hydrangeae Takahashi, 1934,.... Common names: pear white scale, Japanese long scale.
  • Parlatoria proteus (Curtis, 1843) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aspidiotus proteus Curtis, 1843, Diaspis parlatoris Targioni Tozzetti, 1867. Common names: small brown scale, sanseveria scale, proteus scale, poll-blanc, piojo blanco, orchid parlatoria scale, Common parlatoria scale.
  • Parlatoria ziziphi (Lucas, 1853) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Apteronidia ziziphi Lindinger, 1934, Chermes aurantii Boisduval, 1867, Coccus ziziphi Lucas, 1853, Diaspis ziziphus Lindinger, 1934, Parlatoreopsis ziziphi Kawai, 1972, Parlatoria lucassi Targioni Tozzetti, 1868, Parlatoria ziziphe Osborn, 1898, Parlatoria ziziphi Grandpre &.... Common names: lime scale, leaf black scale, ebony scale, citrus scale, Black scale, Black parlatoria scale.
  • Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (Targioni, 1886) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aspidiotus vitiensis Maskell, 1895, Diaspis amygdali Tryon, 1889, Diaspis lanata Maskell, 1895, Diaspis lanatus Cockerell, 1892, Diaspis patelliformis Sasaki, 1894, Diaspis pentagona Targioni, 1886. Common names: white scale, white plum scale, white peach scale, mulberry scale, West Indian peach scale, Peach white scale.
  • Pseudaulacaspis prunicola (Maskell, 1895) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aulacaspis auranticolor (Cockerell, 1899), Aulacaspis pentagona auranticolor (Cockerell, 1899), Aulacaspis pentagona rubra (Maskell, 1898), Aulacaspis pentagona theae (Maskell, 1896), Chionaspis prunicola Maskell 1895, Diaspis amygdali rubra Maskell 1898,.... Common name: white prunicola scale.
  • Pseudoparlatoria ostreata Cockerell, 1892 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Diaspis tricuspidata Leonardi, 1914, Pseudoparlatorea tricuspidata Lindinger, 1928. Common names: parlatoria-like scale, gray scale, false parlatoria scale, acalypha scale.

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The classification of the organism.


The taxonomy ranking of the organism.

Local government area's

LGA names and boundaries as defined by Landgate (recent to Feb 2014).

Control categories

See the legend for control category meaning.

Keeping categories

See the legend for keeping category meaning.


Whether the organism is currently found in Western Australia.

BAM Act Definitions

Legal status

Each listed organism is declared under the Biosecurity Management act with certain legal requirements:

Declared Pest, Prohibited - s12

Prohibited organisms are declared pests by virtue of section 22(1), and may only be imported and kept subject to permits. Permit conditions applicable to some species may only be appropriate or available to research organisations or similarly secure institutions.

Permitted - s11

Permitted organisms must satisfy any applicable import requirements when imported. They may be subject to an import permit if they are potential carriers of high-risk organisms.

Declared Pest - s22(2)

Declared pests must satisfy any applicable import requirements when imported, and may be subject to an import permit if they are potential carriers of high-risk organisms. They may also be subject to control and keeping requirements once within Western Australia.

Permitted, Requires Permit - r73

Regulation 73 permitted organisms may only be imported subject to an import permit. These organisms may be subject to restriction under legislation other than the Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Act 2007. Permit conditions applicable to some species may only be appropriate or available to research organisations or similarly secure institutions.

Unlisted - s14

If you are considering importing an unlisted organism/s you will need to submit the name/s for assessment, as unlisted organisms are automatically prohibited entry into WA.

Control categories

Declared pests can be assigned to a C1, C2 or C3 control category under the Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Regulations 2013. Prohibited organisms can be assigned to a C1 or C2 control category, the control categories are:

C1 Exclusion

Organisms which should be excluded from part or all of Western Australia.

C2 Eradication

Organisms which should be eradicated from part or all of Western Australia.

C3 Management

Organisms that should have some form of management applied that will alleviate the harmful impact of the organism, reduce the numbers or distribution of the organism or prevent or contain the spread of the organism.


Unassigned: Declared pests that are recognised as having a harmful impact under certain circumstances, where their subsequent control requirements are determined by a Plan or other legislative arrangements under the Act.

Keeping categories

The Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Regulations 2013 (BAM Regs) specify prohibited and restricted keeping categories for the purposes of regulating organisms declared under the BAM Act. In regards to the purposes for which they can be kept, and the entities that can keep them for that purpose. A keeping permit is the administrative tool used to assign specific conditions to the keeping of an organism.

Prohibited keeping

Can only be kept under a permit for public display and education purposes, and/or genuine scientific research, by entities approved by the state authority.

Restricted keeping

Organisms which, relative to other species, have a low risk of becoming a problem for the environment, primary industry or public safety and can be kept under a permit by private individuals.

Exempt keeping

No permit or conditions are required for keeping. There may be other requirements under BAMA such as those required for entry of livestock, pigeons and doves, or waybill requirements for stock movement. An organism in the exempt keeping category may also be regulated by other legislation such as the Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 (WCA), administered by DPaW.

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If the species you are interested in is not listed on WAOL you may request to have it assessed. Please contact the Pest and Disease Information Service (PaDIS) on (08) 9368 3080 or email padis@dpird.wa.gov.au, and they will transfer you to the relevant person.