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Wheat is the major grain crop produced in Western Australia making up 65% of annual grain production and generating A$2-3 billion for the State economy each year.

Pest snails and slugs damage plant seeds, seedlings, underground tubers, leaves and fruit. Damage to seedlings often results in the death of the plant, which means major production losses.

Garlic (Allium sativum) is a member of the Alliaceae plant family and is closely related to onions, shallots, chives and leeks.

Soil acidification occurs naturally very slowly as soil is weathered, but this process is accelerated by productive agriculture.

Harvesting oats is usually done by direct heading of standing grain as soon as the crop is ripe which will help reduce grain shedding.

Nutrition is an important component of plant health. A nutrient deficiency will reduce a plant’s ability to complete its life cycle of producing flowers and fruits.

Lambs should be marked between the ages of two to 12 weeks. Lambs should be tail docked using a gas-heated knife or rubber rings and mulesing should only be carried out when necessary.

The Western Australian Organism List (WAOL) provides the status of organisms which have been categorised under the Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Act 2007 (BAM Act).

Various diseases can damage native plants at all stages of growth. A description of some of the more important diseases is given here, together with general methods for control.

Pregnancy toxaemia and hypocalcaemia affect lambing ewe flocks and have similar signs but different causes.