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Inspection of the intestines and associated lymph nodes of adult sheep is one of the most sensitive and cost-effective ways of detecting early ovine Johne's disease (OJD) infection on a property.

SheepMAP is the Australian ovine Johne’s disease (OJD) market assurance program for sheep.

Vaccination is an important control tool in managing infected flocks and high risk areas or enterprises.

Thiamine, also known as vitamin B1, is normally produced by bacteria in the rumen of cattle and sheep on well-balanced roughage diets.

Arthritis means inflammation in one or more joints. In sheep, it is usually the result of bacterial infection.

Photosensitisation is inflammation of the skin, and occasionally the conjunctiva and cornea of the eye.

Bluetongue virus can infect all ruminants but it usually only causes serious disease in sheep. Cattle may be infected with the virus but rarely show disease.

Pregnancy toxaemia and hypocalcaemia affect lambing ewe flocks and have similar signs but different causes.

SheepMAP is a market assurance program designed to provide producers with a source of sheep which are at low risk of having ovine Johne's disease (OJD). The program is a voluntary scheme.

Pulpy kidney (enterotoxaemia) is a disease of sheep, goats and cattle.

Scabby mouth is a viral disease of sheep and goats that causes scabs and pustules, usually around the mouth and face of affected animals.

The National Arbovirus Monitoring Program (NAMP) monitors the distribution of economically important insect-borne viruses of livestock and their vectors.

Salmonellosis of sheep is an infectious bacterial disease causing illness and death. It results from proliferation of salmonella bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract and other organs.

Selenium and vitamin E are essential in sheep diets, and work together to prevent and repair cell damage in the body.

All ruminants (including sheep, cattle and goats) require cobalt in their diet for the synthesis of vitamin B12.

Copper is an essential trace element for animals needed for body, bone and wool growth, pigmentation, healthy nerve fibres and white blood cell function.

The following resources have been produced by the Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development (DPIRD) to assist veterinarians in selecting and preparing samples and conducting livesto

Ovine campylobacteriosis is an infectious disease of breeding ewes causing abortion in late pregnancy. It is caused by the bacteria Campylobacter fetus ssp. fetus.

Australia is free of scrapie, which is a fatal, progressive, degenerative disease of the central nervous system of sheep and goats.

Eperythrozoonosis is a disease in sheep and goats caused by the bacterium mycoplasma ovis (formerly known as eperythrozoon ovis).

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