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Botulism is a rapid onset, usually fatal disease caused by the botulinum toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.
Photosensitisation is inflammation of the skin, and occasionally the conjunctiva and cornea of the eye.
Mature cow weights have increased over the last 10-20 years due to genetic progress.
Older recommendations used for target heifer joining weights may no longer be appropriate.
‘Calf scours’ is when young calves develop diarrhoea and become dehydrated. The scour can be white, yellow, grey or blood-stained, and is often foul-smelling.