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Permanent raised beds are a practical and economic means of managing some waterlogged sites in wetter areas of the Western Australian grainbelt.
Claying involves adding and incorporating clay-rich subsoil into water repellent topsoil to overcome the repellence.
Waterlogging causes significant reductions in plant growth in some years and some environments in the high rainfall (greater than 600 mm annual rainfall) areas of South West Western Australia.
Waterlogging is a common problem in the agricultural soils of south-west Western Australia in the wetter months of winter.
Waterlogging in the higher rainfall areas (more than 450 mm annual rainfall) of south-west Western Australian crops and pastures is a common cause of reduced plant growth in winter, especially on d
Controlled traffic farming (CTF) is a farming system built on permanent wheel tracks where the crop zone and traffic lanes are permanently separated.
Harvesting crops on raised beds differs from harvesting on normal seedbeds only in terms of the constraints imposed by tracking the harvesting equipment in furrows if so desired.
Soil compaction is rearrangement of soil particles and reduction in macro-porosity and total pore space by stresses.
The use of no-till crop establishment practice is essential for farming raised beds. Cultivation is likely to degrade the bed and furrow construction.
Raised beds are a long-term option for preventing waterlogging and increasing crop yield on target areas.