Curly spinifex (Triodia bitextura) in the Western Australian rangelands

Page last updated: Wednesday, 7 July 2021 - 8:42am

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Curly spinifex (Triodia bitextura) is one of many plant species found in the Western Australian rangelands. This page provides a summary of the plant's value for pastoralism. Pastoral lessees and station managers can use this information to assess pasture condition and trend.

Indicator value

Where dominant, curly spinifex is an indicator of good pasture condition. It is a desirable species in curly spinifex pastures and in pindan. It decreases under heavy grazing.

Forage value

Curly spinifex is moderately palatable to livestock and is a good drought reserve.


Sandy soils and red soils.

General description

Curly spinifex is a perennial grass with a straggly tussock or hummock that can grow to 80cm tall and up to 2m across. Stems are smooth and slender with many branches. The leaf blades are rolled, slender and up to 30cm long. The seed head is a single spike and has a feathery appearance. It flowers from February to May.

Curly spinifex (Triodia bitextura) in the Western Australian rangelands