Table grapes: draft pest categorisation report

Page last updated: Thursday, 1 December 2016 - 10:18am

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The Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia (DAFWA) initiated a pest risk analysis (PRA) to consider biosecurity risks associated with the import of fresh table grape bunches from other Australian states and territories.

As part of the process, the department prepared a draft pest categorisation of pests and diseases potentially associated with fresh table grape bunches (Vitis spp.).

Consultation on the report closed on 14 February 2015.

DAFWA is considering stakeholder submissions, and will incorporate relevant information into the final pest categorisation report as appropriate.

A formal pest risk analysis (PRA) for the importation of fresh table grape bunches into Western Australia was initiated on 15 September 2011. A PRA is a tool used by the department to consider biosecurity risks.

This draft pest categorisation is the classification phase that identifies pests and diseases which require further consideration in the PRA to estimate the level of biosecurity risk they pose to Western Australia.

The pest categorisation process identifies pests and diseases that are:

  • absent from Western Australia
  • associated with the table grape bunch pathway
  • have potential to establish in Western Australia
  • would be of economic concern should they establish in Western Australia.

The pest categorisation process evaluated 622 invertebrate and pathogen organisms associated with viticulture production in Australia.

From this list of potential pests, 14 invertebrate and 13 pathogen organisms met the above criteria to satisfactorily meet the definition of a quarantine pest according to the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC).

‘A pest of potential economic importance to the area endangered thereby and not yet present there, or present but not widely distributed and being officially controlled.’

The quarantine pests identified in the final pest categorisation will undergo risk assessments to determine the unrestricted risk of entry, establishment and spread of the pests in Western Australia. Phytosanitary risk mitigation measures need to be considered for pests which pose an unacceptable risk to Western Australia. Risk mitigation options are considered for efficacy and compliance with international and national obligations.

Quarantine pests identified as associated with fresh imported table grape bunches.

 Common name

Scientific name



Citrophilus mealybug

Pseudococcus calceolariae (Maskell, 1897)

Citrus planthopper

Colgar peracutum (Walker, 1858)

Crusader bug

Graptostethus sp. [Hemiptera: Lygaeidae]

European fruit lecanium scale

Parthenolecanium corni corni (Bouché, 1844)

European wasp

Vespula germanica (Fabricus, 1793)

Flat grain beetle

Cryptolestes pusillus (Schönherr 1878)

BAMA (s22) declared pest

Grape phylloxera

Daktulosphaira vitifoliae (Fitch, 1855)

Kanzawa spider mite

Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida, 1927

Metallic shield bug

Scutiphora pedicellata (Kirby, 1826)

Peach white scale

Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (Targioni Tozzetti, 1886)

Queensland fruit fly

Bactrocera (Bactrocera) tryoni (Froggatt, 1897)

Spanish red scale

Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (Morgan, 1889)

Native tussock moth

Euproctis paradoxa (Butler, 1886)

Warehouse beetle

Trogoderma variabile Ballion 1878

BAMA (s22) declared pest



Grapevine yellow speckle viroid 1

Apscaviroid Grapevine yellow speckle viroid (GYSVd) strain 1

Grapevine yellow speckle viroid 2

Apscaviroid Grapevine yellow speckle viroid (GYSVd) strain 2


Botryosphaeria iberica A.J.L. Phillips, J. Luque & A. Alves, 2005


Botryosphaeria sarmentosum A.J.L. Phillips, J. Luque & A. Alves, 2005

Sooty mould

Capnodium elongatum Berk. & Desm., 1849

Bitter rot

Greeneria uvicola (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Punith. 1974

Hop stunt viroid

Hostuviroid Hop stunt viroid (HSVd)

Grapevine fanleaf virus

Nepovirus Grapevine fanleaf virus (GFLV)


Pestalotiopsis menezesiana (Bres. & Torrend) Bissett, 1983


Pestalotiopsis uvicola (Speg.) Bissett 1983

Phomopsis cane and leaf spot

Phomopsis viticola (Sacc.) Sacc., 1915


Pilidiella castaneicola (Ellis & Everh)

Citrus exocortis viroid

Posipiviroid Citrus exocortis viroid (CEVd)


Contact information

Plant Biosecurity Policy


Plant Biosecurity Policy