What is Dickeya dianthicola
Dickeya dianthicola causes soft rot and blackleg in potatoes. It is a serious pest (bacterium) that was not previously known to occur in Australia. Overseas data has indicated significant yield losses in potato crops.
Dickeya dianthicola can also infect other crops, including some ornamentals (including carnation, lily, chrysanthemum, dahlia, begonia, flaming Katy, freesia, hyacinth and iris), globe arichoke and chicory.
Other pathogens already present in Australia can cause similar soft rot and blackleg symptoms. However, Dickeya dianthicola is more aggressive and causes disease at lower infection levels.
This pest is not associated with the tomato potato psyllid.
Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development (DPIRD) response
The pest has been confirmed on four commercial potato growing properties. These four properties have been placed under quarantine. The quarantine notices stipulate movement restrictions on host plant material, soil and machinery.
DPIRD is continuing to trace the movement of potatoes and dahlia tubers to and from infected properties and to collect samples from the highest risk properties, in order to determine the extent of the outbreak as soon as possible.
DPIRD is working closely with the WA industry and national stakeholders to minimise the impact of this new pest. The Consultative Committee on Emergency Plant Pests (CCEPP) has met to discuss this detection. The committee has kept open the possibility for eradication, dependent upon further surveillance.
This particular pest is not associated with the tomato potato psyllid that was detected in Western Australia earlier this year.
The bacterium does not have an impact on human health.
- Globe artichoke
- Calla lily
- Dianthus, Sweet William
- Kalanchoe, ‘Flaming Katy’ which is also known as ‘Christmas kalanchoe’, ‘florist kalanchoe’ and ‘Madagascar widow’s thrill’
Trade in potatoes from WA is currently prohibited due to the tomato potato psyllid outbreak, and interstate movement controls for risk material continue to apply. In response to TPP, WA is working with other state and territory governments to develop protocols to support future interstate movements of risk material.
Trade in cut flowers from WA is already subject to interstate movement conditions for other pests. At present there are no further trade restrictions in relation to Dickeya dianthicola.
The Australian Government Department of Agriculture and Water Resources will work with overseas trading partners should any issues arise.
Helping growers to maintain normal business operations
DPIRD recognises this detection comes at a difficult time for the horticulture industry, in particular potato growers, following the detection of the tomato potato psyllid earlier this year.
If issued with a Quarantine Notice, Pest Control Notice or Direction Notice under the Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Act 2007 (the BAM Act), growers cannot move or sell infected plants/tubers from properties without written approval from a DPIRD inspector, who are authorised under the BAM Act.
DPIRD is working with affected potato growers to provide approvals that can help resume their business, while at the same time making sure the pest does not spread any further. To achieve this, DPIRD is carrying out risk assessments of operations, and helping growers to develop a plan for the movement and sale of their ware potatoes.
Each property is being assessed on a case by case basis.
See the attached fact sheet - Quarantine and your business - for more information on positive samples and Notices.