Western Australian Organism List

The Western Australian Organism List (WAOL) database allows you to search for organisms declared under the Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Act 2007 (BAM Act). It is not a complete list of all organisms in Western Australia or their attributes. Use the database to find the legal status of organisms, control requirements, declared pest species and more.

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A total of 18 results were found at 15:51 on 4th October 2023 when searching for Pulvinaria.


  • Anapulvinaria pistaciae (Bodenheimer, 1926) 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: AnaPulvinaria pistaceae Hadzibejli, 1977, AnaPulvinaria pistaciae Borchsenius, 1952, Pulvinaria pistaciae Ben-Dov, 1993, Pulvinaria pistaciae Bodenheimer, 1926. Common name: Pistachio cushion scale.
  • Kilifia acuminata (Signoret, 1873) 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: Calymmata acuminatum Kirkaldy, 1904, Coccus acuminatum Kirkaldy, 1902, Coccus acuminatus Fernald, 1903, Habibius acuminatus Ezzat & Hussein, 1969, Kilifia acuminata De Lotto, 1965, Lecanium acuminatum Green, 1904, Lecanium acuminatum Green, 1937, Lecanium acuminatum Signoret, 1873, Platycoccus.... Common name: acuminate scale.
  • Mataeomera dubia Butler, 1886 
    Family: Noctuidae

    Synonyms: Catoblemma trigonographa Turner, 1936, Thalpochares Pulvinariae Olliff, 1892. Common name: scale eating caterpillar.
  • Neopulvinaria innumerabilis innumerabilis (Rathvon, 1854) 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: Coccus innumerabilis Rathvon, 1854, Lecanium acerella Rathvon, 1876, Lecanium acericorticis Fitch, 1861, NeoPulvinaria imeretina Hadzibejli, 1955, NeoPulvinaria innumerabilis Hodgson, 1994, Pulvinaria innumerabilis Putnam, 1880,.... Common name: cottony maple scale.
  • Protopulvinaria pyriformis (Cockerell, 1894) 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: ProtoPulvinaria agalmae Takahashi, 1933, ProtoPulvinaria piriformes Gomez-Menor Ortega, 1929, ProtoPulvinaria piriformis Brain, 1920, ProtoPulvinaria piriformis Lindinger, 1912, ProtoPulvinaria pyiformis Tao,.... Common names: pyriform scale, cochinilla piriforme, cochinilha-priforme, Heart-shaped scale.
  • Pulvinaria aurantii Cockerell, 1896 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: ChloroPulvinaria aurantii Borchsenius, 1952, Coccus notatus Fernald, 1903, Lecanium notatum Maskell, 1897, Pulvinaria aurantii Ben-Dov, 1993, Pulvinaria notatum Takahashi, 1955. Common name: Orange Pulvinaria.
  • Pulvinaria citricola Kuwana, 1914 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: EuPulvinaria citricola Borchsenius, 1953, Pulvinaria citricola Ben-Dov, 1933, Pulvinaria nipponica Lindinger, 1933. Common name: cottony citrus scale.
  • Pulvinaria flavicans flavicans Maskell, 1889 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: Pulvinaria contexta Froggatt, 1915, Pulvinaria flavicans Maskell, 1889, Pulvinaria tecta Maskell, 1894. Common name: cottony flavicans scale.
  • Pulvinaria floccifera (Westwood, 1870) 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: ChloroPulvinaria floccifera Borchsenius, 1952, Coccus flocciferus Westwood, 1870, Pulvinaria brassiae Cockerell, 1895, Pulvinaria brassicae King, 1902, Pulvinaria camelicola Signoret, 1873, Pulvinaria floccifera.... Common names: tea scale, Pulvinaria cushion scale, camellia scale, Camellia cottony scale.
  • Pulvinaria hydrangeae Steinweden, 1946 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: EuPulvinaria hydrangeae Canard, 1965, Pulvinaria hydrangeae Ben-Dov, 1993. Common name: Hydrangea scale.
  • Pulvinaria iceryi (Signoret, 1869) 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: Coccus iceryi Tao et al., 1983, Lecanium iceryi Signoret, 1869, Pulvinaria gasteralpha Signoret, 1873, Pulvinaria iceryi Ben-Dov, 1993, Pulvinaria iceryi Fernald, 1903, Pulvinaria lepida Brain, 1920,.... Common name: Pulvinaria scale.
  • Pulvinaria maskelli Olliff, 1891 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: Ctenochiton nuytsiae Fuller, 1897, Ctenochiton nuytsiae minor Fuller, 1897, Pulvinaria daveyi Froggatt, 1923, Pulvinaria maskelli novemarticulata Green, 1915, Pulvinaria maskelli nuytsiae Fernald, 1903, Pulvinaria maskelli.... Common name: Cottony saltbush scale.
  • Pulvinaria polygonata Cockerell, 1905 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: Pulvinaria cellulosa Green, 1909, Pulvinaria nerii Kanda, 1950. Common names: cottony citrus scale, Pulvinaria scale.
  • Pulvinaria psidii Maskell, 1893 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: Lecanium vacuolatum Dash, 1916, Pulvinaria cupaniae Cockerell, 1893, Pulvinaria cussoniae Hall, 1932, Pulvinaria darwiniensis Froggatt, 1915, Pulvinaria gymnosporiae Hall, 1932, Pulvinaria psidii philippina.... Common names: guava mealy scale, green shield scale.
  • Pulvinaria urbicola Cockerell, 1893 
    Family: Coccidae

    Common names: urbicola soft scale, cottony urbicola scale.
  • Pulvinaria vitis (Linnaeus, 1758) 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: Calypticus spumosus Costa, 1829, Chermes carpini Olivier, 1792, Chermes crataegi Olivier, 1792, Coccus betulae Linnaeus, 1758, Coccus carpini Linnaeus, 1758, Coccus crataegi Linnaeus, 1766, Coccus oxyacanthae Linnaeus, 1758, Coccus salicis Fitch, 1851, Coccus vitis Linnaeus, 1758, Lecanium.... Common name: cottony maple scale.
  • Pulvinariella mesembryanthemi (Vallot, 1829) 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: Calypticus mesembrianthemi Costa, 1844, Coccus mesembryanthemi Vallot, 1829, Icerya mesembryanthemi Peringuey, 1893, Pulvinaria biplicata Targioni Tozzetti, 1868. Common names: iceplant scale, cottony pigface scale.
  • Saxifraga pulvinaria H. Sm. 
    Family: Saxifragaceae

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The taxonomy ranking of the organism.

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LGA names and boundaries as defined by Landgate (recent to Feb 2014).

Control categories

See the legend for control category meaning.

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Whether the organism is currently found in Western Australia.

BAM Act Definitions

Legal status

Each listed organism is declared under the Biosecurity Management act with certain legal requirements:

Declared Pest, Prohibited - s12

Prohibited organisms are declared pests by virtue of section 22(1), and may only be imported and kept subject to permits. Permit conditions applicable to some species may only be appropriate or available to research organisations or similarly secure institutions.

Permitted - s11

Permitted organisms must satisfy any applicable import requirements when imported. They may be subject to an import permit if they are potential carriers of high-risk organisms.

Declared Pest - s22(2)

Declared pests must satisfy any applicable import requirements when imported, and may be subject to an import permit if they are potential carriers of high-risk organisms. They may also be subject to control and keeping requirements once within Western Australia.

Permitted, Requires Permit - r73

Regulation 73 permitted organisms may only be imported subject to an import permit. These organisms may be subject to restriction under legislation other than the Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Act 2007. Permit conditions applicable to some species may only be appropriate or available to research organisations or similarly secure institutions.

Unlisted - s14

If you are considering importing an unlisted organism/s you will need to submit the name/s for assessment, as unlisted organisms are automatically prohibited entry into WA.

Control categories

Declared pests can be assigned to a C1, C2 or C3 control category under the Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Regulations 2013. Prohibited organisms can be assigned to a C1 or C2 control category, the control categories are:

C1 Exclusion

Organisms which should be excluded from part or all of Western Australia.

C2 Eradication

Organisms which should be eradicated from part or all of Western Australia.

C3 Management

Organisms that should have some form of management applied that will alleviate the harmful impact of the organism, reduce the numbers or distribution of the organism or prevent or contain the spread of the organism.


Unassigned: Declared pests that are recognised as having a harmful impact under certain circumstances, where their subsequent control requirements are determined by a Plan or other legislative arrangements under the Act.

Keeping categories

The Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Regulations 2013 (BAM Regs) specify prohibited and restricted keeping categories for the purposes of regulating organisms declared under the BAM Act. In regards to the purposes for which they can be kept, and the entities that can keep them for that purpose. A keeping permit is the administrative tool used to assign specific conditions to the keeping of an organism.

Prohibited keeping

Can only be kept under a permit for public display and education purposes, and/or genuine scientific research, by entities approved by the state authority.

Restricted keeping

Organisms which, relative to other species, have a low risk of becoming a problem for the environment, primary industry or public safety and can be kept under a permit by private individuals.

Exempt keeping

No permit or conditions are required for keeping. There may be other requirements under BAMA such as those required for entry of livestock, pigeons and doves, or waybill requirements for stock movement. An organism in the exempt keeping category may also be regulated by other legislation such as the Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 (WCA), administered by DPaW.

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If the species you are interested in is not listed on WAOL you may request to have it assessed. Please contact the Pest and Disease Information Service (PaDIS) on (08) 9368 3080 or email padis@dpird.wa.gov.au, and they will transfer you to the relevant person.