Western Australian Organism List

The Western Australian Organism List (WAOL) database allows you to search for organisms declared under the Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Act 2007 (BAM Act). It is not a complete list of all organisms in Western Australia or their attributes. Use the database to find the legal status of organisms, control requirements, declared pest species and more.

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A total of 18 results were found at 06:35 on 18th April 2024 when searching for Lepidosaphes.


  • Andaspis hawaiiensis (Maskell, 1895) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Andaspis flava hawaiiensis Fullaway, 1932, Andaspis hawaiiensis Fullaway, 1932, Andaspis hawaiiensis MacGillivray, 1921, Howardia moorsi Brain, 1919, Lepidosaphes erythrinae MacGillivray, 1921, Lepidosaphes flava hawaiiensis Fernald, 1903,.... Common name: Armoured scale.
  • Lepidosaphes beckii (Newman, 1869) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aspidiotus citricola Packard, 1869, Coccus beckii Newman, 1869, Mytilaspis citricola tasmaniae Maskell, 1897, Mytilaspis flavescens Targioni, 1876, Mytilaspis fulva Targioni, 1872. Common names: mussel purple scale, citrus mussel scale, Purple scale.
  • Lepidosaphes camelliae Hoke, 1921 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Insulaspis camelliae Borchsenius, 1963, Mytilococcus camelliae Lindinger, 1958. Common name: Camellia oystershell scale.
  • Lepidosaphes chinensis Chamberlin, 1925 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonym: Cornuaspis chinensis Borchsenius, 1963. Common name: Chinese Lepidosaphes scale.
  • Lepidosaphes conchiformiodes 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Common name: Pear oyster shell scale.
  • Lepidosaphes conchiformis (Gmelin, 1790) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Coccus conchiformis Gmelin, 1790, Diaspis conchiformis Targioni Tozzetti, 1867, Insulaspis minima Borchsenius, 1963, Lepidosaphes conchiformes Gill, 1997, Lepidosaphes conchiformioides Borchsenius, 1958, Lepidosaphes conchiformis Lindinger,.... Common names: red oystershell scale, pear oystershell scale, greater fig mussel scale, fig scale, Mediterranean fig scale, Fig oystershell scale.
  • Lepidosaphes defecta (Maskell, 1897) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Mytilaspis defecta Maskell, 1897, Mytilaspis defecta tincta Maskell, 1897.
  • Lepidosaphes destefanii (Signoret, 1870) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Lepidosaphes conchiformis destefanii Sachtleben, 1935, Lepidosaphes conchiformis phillyreae Koroneos, 1934, Lepidosaphes destefanii Leonardi, 1907, Lepidosaphes flava Kirkaldy, 1902, Lepidosaphes palaestinensis.... Common name: De Stefan scale.
  • Lepidosaphes gloverii (Packard, 1869) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonym: Aspidiotus gloverii Packard, 1869. Common names: mussel-shell scale, long scale, long mussel scale, citrus long scale, Glover’s scale, Glover's mussel scale.
  • Lepidosaphes pallidula (Williams, 1969) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Insulaspis pallida Borchsenius, 1963, Insulaspis pallidula Williams, 1969, Lepidosaphes gloverii pallida MacGillivray, 1921, Lepidosaphes pallidula Kawai, 1980, Lepidosaphes pallidus Green, 1919, Mytilaspis gloverii pallida Green, 1896,.... Common names: hard scale, Armoured scale.
  • Lepidosaphes pinnaeformis (Bouché, 1851) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonym: Aspidiotus pinnaeformis Bouché, 1851. Common name: Purple scale.
  • Lepidosaphes tapleyi Williams, 1960 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonym: Insulaspis tapleyi Borchsenius, 1963. Common names: oyster scale, Guava long scale.
  • Lepidosaphes tubulorum Ferris, 1921 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Mytilococcus tubulorum Lindinger, 1943, ParaLepidosaphes tubulorum Borchsenius, 1962. Common name: dark oystershell scale.
  • Lepidosaphes ulmi (Linnaeus, 1758) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aspidiotus falciformis Baerensprung, 1849, Aspidiotus juglandis Fitch, 1855, Aspidiotus pomorum Bouché, 1851, Coccus ulmi Linnaeus, 1758. Common name: Apple mussel scale.
  • Lepidosaphes ussuriensis (Borchsenius, 1962) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Lepidosaphes spinulata Paik, 1978, Lepidosaphes ussuriensis Danzig, 1980, Lepidosaphes ussuriensis Kawai, 1980, ParaLepidosaphes spinulata Borchsenius, 1964, ParaLepidosaphes ussuriensis Borchsenius, 1962. Common name: ussuri oystershell scale.
  • Leucaspis riccae Targioni Tozzetti, 1881 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Howardia lobulata Del Guercio, 1903, Lepidosaphes riccae Fernald, 1903, Leucaspis ephedrae Marchal, 1909, Leucaspis epidaurica Gennadius, 1883, Leucaspis lemmeti Balachowsky, 1927, Leucaspis oleae Lindinger, 1912, Leucaspis riccae Lindinger, 1906, Leucaspis riccai Lindinger,.... Common name: White olive scale.
  • Parlatoreopsis chinensis (Marlatt, 1908) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Cryptoparlatoria chinensis MacGillivray, 1921, ParaLepidosaphes chinensis Hua, 2000, Parlatorea chinensis Lindinger, 1910, Parlatoreopsis chinensis Lindinger, 1932, Parlatorepsis chinensis Chou, 1985, Parlatoria chinensis Marlatt, 1908, Parlatoria chinensis Merrill, 1953,.... Common name: Chinese obscure scale.
  • Pseudaulacaspis cordylinidis (Maskell, 1879) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Fusilaspis cordylinidis MacGillivray, 1921, Lepidosaphes cordylinidis Fernald, 1903, Mytilaspis cordylinidis Maskell, 1879, Poliaspis cordylinidis Lindinger, 1957, Pseudaulacaspis cordylinidis Deitz & Tocker, 1980, Trichomytilus cordylinidis Lindinger, 1933.

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The taxonomy ranking of the organism.

Local government area's

LGA names and boundaries as defined by Landgate (recent to Feb 2014).

Control categories

See the legend for control category meaning.

Keeping categories

See the legend for keeping category meaning.


Whether the organism is currently found in Western Australia.

BAM Act Definitions

Legal status

Each listed organism is declared under the Biosecurity Management act with certain legal requirements:

Declared Pest, Prohibited - s12

Prohibited organisms are declared pests by virtue of section 22(1), and may only be imported and kept subject to permits. Permit conditions applicable to some species may only be appropriate or available to research organisations or similarly secure institutions.

Permitted - s11

Permitted organisms must satisfy any applicable import requirements when imported. They may be subject to an import permit if they are potential carriers of high-risk organisms.

Declared Pest - s22(2)

Declared pests must satisfy any applicable import requirements when imported, and may be subject to an import permit if they are potential carriers of high-risk organisms. They may also be subject to control and keeping requirements once within Western Australia.

Permitted, Requires Permit - r73

Regulation 73 permitted organisms may only be imported subject to an import permit. These organisms may be subject to restriction under legislation other than the Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Act 2007. Permit conditions applicable to some species may only be appropriate or available to research organisations or similarly secure institutions.

Unlisted - s14

If you are considering importing an unlisted organism/s you will need to submit the name/s for assessment, as unlisted organisms are automatically prohibited entry into WA.

Control categories

Declared pests can be assigned to a C1, C2 or C3 control category under the Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Regulations 2013. Prohibited organisms can be assigned to a C1 or C2 control category, the control categories are:

C1 Exclusion

Organisms which should be excluded from part or all of Western Australia.

C2 Eradication

Organisms which should be eradicated from part or all of Western Australia.

C3 Management

Organisms that should have some form of management applied that will alleviate the harmful impact of the organism, reduce the numbers or distribution of the organism or prevent or contain the spread of the organism.


Unassigned: Declared pests that are recognised as having a harmful impact under certain circumstances, where their subsequent control requirements are determined by a Plan or other legislative arrangements under the Act.

Keeping categories

The Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Regulations 2013 (BAM Regs) specify prohibited and restricted keeping categories for the purposes of regulating organisms declared under the BAM Act. In regards to the purposes for which they can be kept, and the entities that can keep them for that purpose. A keeping permit is the administrative tool used to assign specific conditions to the keeping of an organism.

Prohibited keeping

Can only be kept under a permit for public display and education purposes, and/or genuine scientific research, by entities approved by the state authority.

Restricted keeping

Organisms which, relative to other species, have a low risk of becoming a problem for the environment, primary industry or public safety and can be kept under a permit by private individuals.

Exempt keeping

No permit or conditions are required for keeping. There may be other requirements under BAMA such as those required for entry of livestock, pigeons and doves, or waybill requirements for stock movement. An organism in the exempt keeping category may also be regulated by other legislation such as the Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 (WCA), administered by DPaW.

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If the species you are interested in is not listed on WAOL you may request to have it assessed. Please contact the Pest and Disease Information Service (PaDIS) on (08) 9368 3080 or email padis@dpird.wa.gov.au, and they will transfer you to the relevant person.