Western Australian Organism List

The Western Australian Organism List (WAOL) database allows you to search for organisms declared under the Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Act 2007 (BAM Act). It is not a complete list of all organisms in Western Australia or their attributes. Use the database to find the legal status of organisms, control requirements, declared pest species and more.

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A total of 75 results were found at 02:38 on 25th July 2024 when searching for Diaspididae.


  • Abgrallaspis cyanophylli (Signoret, 1869) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Abgrallaspis cyanophylli Balachowsky, 1948, Aspidiotus (Aspidiotus) cyanophylli Cockerell, 1897, Aspidiotus (Evaspidiotus) cyanophylli Leonardi, 1898, Aspidiotus (Hemiberlesia) cyanophylli Merrill, 1953, Aspidiotus cyanophyli Comstock, 1883, Aspidiotus cyanophylli Signoret, 1869, Diaspidiotus.... Common name: Cyanophyllum scale.
  • Acutaspis paulista (Hempel, 1900) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Acutaspis paulista Claps, 2000, Aspidiotus paulistus Hempel, 1900, Chrysomphalus paulistus Fernald, 1903, Melanaspis palustris Trjapitzin, 1989, Melanaspis paulistus McKenzie, 1939, Pseudischnaspis paulista Lindinger, 1937.
  • Andaspis hawaiiensis (Maskell, 1895) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Andaspis flava hawaiiensis Fullaway, 1932, Andaspis hawaiiensis Fullaway, 1932, Andaspis hawaiiensis MacGillivray, 1921, Howardia moorsi Brain, 1919, Lepidosaphes erythrinae MacGillivray, 1921, Lepidosaphes flava hawaiiensis Fernald, 1903, Lepidosaphes hawaiiensis Ferris, 1920, Lepidosaphes.... Common name: Armoured scale.
  • Aonidia oleae Leonardi, 1913 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonym: Aonidiae oleae Borchsenius, 1966.
  • Aspidiotus coryphae Cockerell & Robinson, 1915 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Common name: corypha scale.
  • Aspidiotus duplex (Cockerell, 1896) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonym: Pseudaonidia duplex (Cockerell, 1896). Common names: Japanese camphor scale, Camphor scale.
  • Aspidiotus elaeidis Marchal, 1909 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aspidiotus oppugnatus Silvestri, 1915, Aspidiotus transparens Brain, 1918. Common name: Green scale.
  • Aspidiotus excisus Green, 1896 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aspidiotus excisus Cockerell, 1897, Aspidiotus excisus Leonardi, 1898, Aspidiotus excisus Williams & Watson, 1988, Temnaspidiotus excisus MacGillivray, 1921. Common names: armoured scales, Hard scales.
  • Aspidiotus tafiranus Lindinger, 1912 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aspidioides tafiranus MacGillivray, 1921, Aspidiotus tafiranus Borchsenius, 1966.
  • Aulacaspis tegalensis (Zehntner, 1898) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aulacaspis major Rutherford, 1916, Aulacaspis rutherfordi Morrison, 1924, Aulacaspis tagalensis Velasquez & Rimando, 1969, Aulacaspis tegalensis Ferris, 1921, Chionaspis tegalensis Zehntner, 1898, Diaspis rutherfordi Box, 1953, Diaspis rutherfordii Rao & Sankaran, 1969, Miscanthaspis tegalensis.... Common names: white stem scale, white scale of sugarcane, tagalog scale, Sugarcane scale.
  • Aulacaspis vitis (Green, 1896) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aulacaspis vitis Takagi, 1985, Chionaspis vitis Green, 1896, Phenacaspis vitis Takahashi, 1942, Poliaspis vitis Lindinger, 1943, Trichomytilus vitis Lindinger, 1933. Common names: hard scale, Armoured scale.
  • Chionaspis furfura (Fitch, 1857) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aspidiotus furfurus Fitch, 1857, Aspidiotus harrisii Walsh, 1868, Chionaspis furfura Cooley, 1899, Chionaspis furfurus Comstock, 1881, Chionaspis furfurus fulvus King, 1899, Coccus harrisii Walsh, 1866, Diaspis harrisii Signoret, 1877. Common names: scurfy scale, scurfy bark louse, Harris's bark-louse.
  • Chionaspis pinifoliae (Fitch, 1856) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aspidiotus pinifoliae Fitch, 1856, Chionaspis pinifolia Ruhl, 1913, Chionaspis pinifoliae Balachowsky, 1930, Chionaspis pinifoliae Comstock, 1881, Chionaspis pinifoliae semiaurea Cockerell, 1895, Leucaspis pinifoliae García Mercet, 1912, Mytilaspis pinifoliae LeBaron, 1872, Phenacaspis.... Common name: pine needle scale.
  • Chrysomphalus bifasciculatus Ferris, 1938 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Chrysomphalus bifasciatus Murakami, 1970, Chrysomphalus bifascicularis Lindinger, 1943, Chrysophalus bifasciatus Wu, 1999. Common name: False Florida red scale.
  • Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (Morgan, 1889) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonym: Aspidiotus dictyospermi Morgan, 1889. Common name: Spanish red scale.
  • Clavaspis covilleae (Ferris, 1919) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aspidiotus covilleae Ferris, 1919, Clavaspis covilleae Ferris, 1938, Ferrisaspis covilleae MacGillivray, 1921. Common name: covillea scale.
  • Diaspidiotus africanus (Marlatt, 1908) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aspidiotus africanus Marlatt, 1908, Aspidiotus africanus Sanders, 1909, Aspidiotus mashonae Hall, 1929, Aspidiotus mazoeensis Hall, 1929, Aspidiotus pectinatus Brain, 1918, Aspidiotus pectinatus Lindinger, 1909, Clavaspis africanus Balachowsky, 1956, Clavaspis betrokensis Mamet, 1959, Clavaspis.... Common name: grey scale.
  • Diaspidiotus ancylus (Putnam, 1878) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Abgrallaspis comstocki Balachowsky, 1953, Abgrallaspis howardi Balachowsky, 1953, Aspidiella comstocki MacGillivray, 1921, Aspidiella pseudospinosa MacGillivray, 1921, Aspidiotus (Aspidiella) comstocki Leonardi, 1900, Aspidiotus (Aspidiella) townsendi Leonardi, 1898, Aspidiotus (Diaspidiotus).... Common names: maple leaf Aspidiotus, maple bark louse, falsa escama de San Jose, Putnam's scale, Putnam scale, Howard scale.
  • Diaspidiotus forbesi (Johnson, 1896) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aspidiotus fernaldi hesperius Cockerell, 1902, Aspidiotus fernaldi hesperius Fernald, 1903, Aspidiotus forbesi Cockerell, 1897, Aspidiotus forbesi Johnson, 1896, Aspidiotus forbesi Leonardi, 1898, Aspidiotus forbesi Merrill, 1953, Aspidiotus hesperius Ferris, 1938, Diaspidiotus forbesi.... Common name: Forbes scale.
  • Diaspidiotus juglansregiae (Comstock, 1881) 
    Family: Diaspididae

    Synonyms: Aspidiotus albiventer Ferris, 1938, Aspidiotus albus Ferris, 1938, Aspidiotus cockerelli Ferris, 1938, Aspidiotus fernaldi Cockerell, 1898, Aspidiotus fernaldi albiventer Hunter, 1899, Aspidiotus fernaldi cockerelli Parrott, 1899, Aspidiotus glandulifer Lindinger, 1907, Aspidiotus glanduliferus.... Common names: walnut scale, English walnut scale.


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The classification of the organism.


The taxonomy ranking of the organism.

Local government area's

LGA names and boundaries as defined by Landgate (recent to Feb 2014).

Control categories

See the legend for control category meaning.

Keeping categories

See the legend for keeping category meaning.


Whether the organism is currently found in Western Australia.

BAM Act Definitions

Legal status

Each listed organism is declared under the Biosecurity Management act with certain legal requirements:

Declared Pest, Prohibited - s12

Prohibited organisms are declared pests by virtue of section 22(1), and may only be imported and kept subject to permits. Permit conditions applicable to some species may only be appropriate or available to research organisations or similarly secure institutions.

Permitted - s11

Permitted organisms must satisfy any applicable import requirements when imported. They may be subject to an import permit if they are potential carriers of high-risk organisms.

Declared Pest - s22(2)

Declared pests must satisfy any applicable import requirements when imported, and may be subject to an import permit if they are potential carriers of high-risk organisms. They may also be subject to control and keeping requirements once within Western Australia.

Permitted, Requires Permit - r73

Regulation 73 permitted organisms may only be imported subject to an import permit. These organisms may be subject to restriction under legislation other than the Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Act 2007. Permit conditions applicable to some species may only be appropriate or available to research organisations or similarly secure institutions.

Unlisted - s14

If you are considering importing an unlisted organism/s you will need to submit the name/s for assessment, as unlisted organisms are automatically prohibited entry into WA.

Control categories

Declared pests can be assigned to a C1, C2 or C3 control category under the Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Regulations 2013. Prohibited organisms can be assigned to a C1 or C2 control category, the control categories are:

C1 Exclusion

Organisms which should be excluded from part or all of Western Australia.

C2 Eradication

Organisms which should be eradicated from part or all of Western Australia.

C3 Management

Organisms that should have some form of management applied that will alleviate the harmful impact of the organism, reduce the numbers or distribution of the organism or prevent or contain the spread of the organism.


Unassigned: Declared pests that are recognised as having a harmful impact under certain circumstances, where their subsequent control requirements are determined by a Plan or other legislative arrangements under the Act.

Keeping categories

The Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Regulations 2013 (BAM Regs) specify prohibited and restricted keeping categories for the purposes of regulating organisms declared under the BAM Act. In regards to the purposes for which they can be kept, and the entities that can keep them for that purpose. A keeping permit is the administrative tool used to assign specific conditions to the keeping of an organism.

Prohibited keeping

Can only be kept under a permit for public display and education purposes, and/or genuine scientific research, by entities approved by the state authority.

Restricted keeping

Organisms which, relative to other species, have a low risk of becoming a problem for the environment, primary industry or public safety and can be kept under a permit by private individuals.

Exempt keeping

No permit or conditions are required for keeping. There may be other requirements under BAMA such as those required for entry of livestock, pigeons and doves, or waybill requirements for stock movement. An organism in the exempt keeping category may also be regulated by other legislation such as the Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 (WCA), administered by DPaW.

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If the species you are interested in is not listed on WAOL you may request to have it assessed. Please contact the Pest and Disease Information Service (PaDIS) on (08) 9368 3080 or email padis@dpird.wa.gov.au, and they will transfer you to the relevant person.