Western Australian Organism List

The Western Australian Organism List (WAOL) database allows you to search for organisms declared under the Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Act 2007 (BAM Act). It is not a complete list of all organisms in Western Australia or their attributes. Use the database to find the legal status of organisms, control requirements, declared pest species and more.

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A total of 148 results were found at 09:04 on 23rd April 2024 when searching for Coccidae.


  • Lichtensia viburni Signoret, 1873 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: Coccus lentiscicola Mina Palumbo, 1882, Coccus lentiscicola Salem, 1908, Filippia rosmarini Goux, 1934, Filippia viburni Balachowsky, 1935, Lichtensia eatoni Newstead, 1895, Lichtensia rifana Balachowsky, 1931, Philippia hederae Lichtenstein, 1881, Philippia viburni Lichtenstein, 1881. Common name: Viburnum cushion scale.
  • Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green, 1908) 
    Family: Pseudococcidae

    Synonyms: Paracoccus pasaniae Borchsenius, 1962, Phenacoccus glomeratus Green, 1922, Phenacoccus hirsutus Green, 1908, Phenacoccus quarternus Ayyar, 1921, Phenacoccus quarternus Shafee et al, 1989, Phenacoccus quarternus Varshney, 1992, Pseudococcus hibisci Hall, 1921, Spilococcus perforatus De Lotto, 1954. Common names: pink mealybug, mulberry mealybug, grape mealybug, Hibiscus mealy bug.
  • Maconellicoccus lanigerus (Fuller, 1897) 
    Family: Pseudococcidae

    Synonyms: Dactylopius lanigerus Fuller, 1897, Eurycoccus yanchepae Brookes, 1972. Common name: None known.
  • Maculicoccus malaitensis (Cockerell, 1929) 
    Family: Pseudococcidae

    Synonyms: Erium malaitense Lindinger, 1935, Maculicoccus malaitensis Williams, 1960, Trionymus malaitensis Cockerell, 1929.
  • Melanococcus darwiniensis Williams, 1895 
    Family: Pseudococcidae

    Common name: Golden mealybug.
  • Mesolecanium nigrofasciatum (Pergande, 1898) 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: Eulecanium nigrofasciatum King, 1902, Lecanium nigrofasciatum Cockerell & Parrott, 1899, Lecanium nigrofasciatum Pergande, 1898, Mesolecanium nigrofaciatum Granara de Willink, 1999, Mesolecanium nigrofasciatum Nakahara, 1981. Common name: Terrapin scale.
  • Milviscutulus mangiferae (Green, 1889) 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonym: Lecanium mangiferae Green, 1889. Common name: Mango shield scale.
  • Neopulvinaria innumerabilis innumerabilis (Rathvon, 1854) 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: Coccus innumerabilis Rathvon, 1854, Lecanium acerella Rathvon, 1876, Lecanium acericorticis Fitch, 1861, Neopulvinaria imeretina Hadzibejli, 1955, Neopulvinaria innumerabilis Hodgson, 1994, Pulvinaria innumerabilis Putnam, 1880, Pulvinaria tinsleyi King, 1900. Common name: cottony maple scale.
  • Nipaecoccus aurilanatus (Maskell, 1890) 
    Family: Pseudococcidae

    Synonym: Dactylopius aurilanatus Maskell, 1890. Common name: Golden mealybug.
  • Nipaecoccus filamentosus (Cockerell, 1893) 
    Family: Pseudococcidae

    Synonyms: Dactylopius filamentosus Cockerell, 1893, Nipaecoccus filamentosus Ben-Dov, 1994, Pseudococcus filamentosus Fernald, 1903. Common name: Mealybug.
  • nipaecoccus nipae (Maskell, 1893) 
    Family: Pseudococcidae

    Synonyms: Ceroputo nipae Lindinger, 1924, Dactylopius nipae Maskell, 1893, Dactylopius pseudonipae Cockerell, 1897, Nipaecoccus nipae Šulc, 1945, Nipaecoccus pseudonipae Beardsley, 1960, Pseudococcus magnoliae Hambleton, 1935, Pseudococcus nipae Cockerell, 1902, Pseudococcus pseudonipae Fernald, 1903,.... Common name: Coconut mealybug.
  • Nipaecoccus viridis (Newstead, 1894) 
    Family: Pseudococcidae

    Synonyms: Dactylopius perniciosus Newstead & Willcocks, 1910, Dactylopius vastator Maskell, 1895, Dactylopius viridis Newstead, 1894, Pseudococcus filamentosus corymbatus Green, 1922, Pseudococcus perniciosus Newstead, 1920, Pseudococcus solitarius Brain, 1915, Ripersia theae Rutherford, 1915, Trionymus.... Common name: Spherical mealybug.
  • Paracoccus burnerae (Brain, 1915) 
    Family: Pseudococcidae

    Synonyms: Allococcus burnerae Tang, 1992, Paracoccus burnerae Ezzat & McConnell, 1956, Pseudococcus burnerae Brain, 1915, Pseudococcus muraltiae De Lotto, 1957, Pseudococcus simulator James, 1933. Common name: Oleander scale.
  • Paracoccus marginatus Williams & Granara de Willink, 1992 
    Family: Pseudococcidae

    Common name: Papaya mealybug.
  • Paralecanium expansum expansum (Green, 1904) 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: Lecanium (Paralecanium) expansum Cockerell & Parrott, 1899, Lecanium expansum Green, 1896, Paralecanium expansum Fernald, 1903. Common name: Flat scale.
  • Parasaissetia nigra (Nietner, 1861) 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: Lecanium (Saissetia) crassum Green, 1930, Lecanium (Saissetia) nigrum nitidum Newstead, 1920, Lecanium (Saissetia) pseudonigrum Kuwana, 1909, Lecanium (Saissetia) sideroxylium Kuwana, 1909, Lecanium begoniae Douglas, 1892, Lecanium caudatum Green,1896, Lecanium depressum Targioni Tozzetti, 1867,.... Common name: Nigra scale.
  • Parthenolecanium corni (Bouché, 1844) 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: Lecanium corni Bouché, 1844, Lecanium vini Bouché, 1851. Common names: plum scale, European fruit lecanium scale.
  • Parthenolecanium orientalis Borchsenius, 1957 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonym: Parthenolecanium orientalis Borchsenius, 1960.
  • Parthenolecanium persicae (Fabricius, 1776) 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: Chermes persicae Fabricius, 1776, Coccus berberidis Schrank, 1801, Coccus costatus Schrank, 1781, Coccus persicorum Sulzer, 1776, Lecanium (Eulecanium) spinosum Brittin, 1940, Lecanium berberidis Boratynski, 1970, Lecanium berberidis major Maskell, 1898, Lecanium cymbiformis Targioni Tozzetti,.... Common names: vine scale, greater vine scale, Grapevine scale, European peach scale.
  • Parthenolecanium pruinosum (Coquillett, 1891) 
    Family: Coccidae

    Synonyms: Eulecanium robiniae Cockerell, 1902, Eulecanium robiniae subsimile Cockerell, 1902, Lecanium pruinosum Coquillett, 1891. Common name: Frosted scale.

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The taxonomy ranking of the organism.

Local government area's

LGA names and boundaries as defined by Landgate (recent to Feb 2014).

Control categories

See the legend for control category meaning.

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See the legend for keeping category meaning.


Whether the organism is currently found in Western Australia.

BAM Act Definitions

Legal status

Each listed organism is declared under the Biosecurity Management act with certain legal requirements:

Declared Pest, Prohibited - s12

Prohibited organisms are declared pests by virtue of section 22(1), and may only be imported and kept subject to permits. Permit conditions applicable to some species may only be appropriate or available to research organisations or similarly secure institutions.

Permitted - s11

Permitted organisms must satisfy any applicable import requirements when imported. They may be subject to an import permit if they are potential carriers of high-risk organisms.

Declared Pest - s22(2)

Declared pests must satisfy any applicable import requirements when imported, and may be subject to an import permit if they are potential carriers of high-risk organisms. They may also be subject to control and keeping requirements once within Western Australia.

Permitted, Requires Permit - r73

Regulation 73 permitted organisms may only be imported subject to an import permit. These organisms may be subject to restriction under legislation other than the Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Act 2007. Permit conditions applicable to some species may only be appropriate or available to research organisations or similarly secure institutions.

Unlisted - s14

If you are considering importing an unlisted organism/s you will need to submit the name/s for assessment, as unlisted organisms are automatically prohibited entry into WA.

Control categories

Declared pests can be assigned to a C1, C2 or C3 control category under the Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Regulations 2013. Prohibited organisms can be assigned to a C1 or C2 control category, the control categories are:

C1 Exclusion

Organisms which should be excluded from part or all of Western Australia.

C2 Eradication

Organisms which should be eradicated from part or all of Western Australia.

C3 Management

Organisms that should have some form of management applied that will alleviate the harmful impact of the organism, reduce the numbers or distribution of the organism or prevent or contain the spread of the organism.


Unassigned: Declared pests that are recognised as having a harmful impact under certain circumstances, where their subsequent control requirements are determined by a Plan or other legislative arrangements under the Act.

Keeping categories

The Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Regulations 2013 (BAM Regs) specify prohibited and restricted keeping categories for the purposes of regulating organisms declared under the BAM Act. In regards to the purposes for which they can be kept, and the entities that can keep them for that purpose. A keeping permit is the administrative tool used to assign specific conditions to the keeping of an organism.

Prohibited keeping

Can only be kept under a permit for public display and education purposes, and/or genuine scientific research, by entities approved by the state authority.

Restricted keeping

Organisms which, relative to other species, have a low risk of becoming a problem for the environment, primary industry or public safety and can be kept under a permit by private individuals.

Exempt keeping

No permit or conditions are required for keeping. There may be other requirements under BAMA such as those required for entry of livestock, pigeons and doves, or waybill requirements for stock movement. An organism in the exempt keeping category may also be regulated by other legislation such as the Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 (WCA), administered by DPaW.

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If the species you are interested in is not listed on WAOL you may request to have it assessed. Please contact the Pest and Disease Information Service (PaDIS) on (08) 9368 3080 or email padis@dpird.wa.gov.au, and they will transfer you to the relevant person.