The following animals are considered livestock under the BAM (IMSA) regulations:
- horses (ponies, donkeys, hybrids)
- South American camelids (alpaca, llama, vicuna)
Note: Ostrich owners only need to register if they own other types of livestock, or if they wish to identify their ostriches with a registered identifier.
Owners to be registered
People with any livestock and/or bees in WA must be registered as owners of livestock with the Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development (DPIRD) Brands Office. On registration, a property identification code (PIC) will be allocated to the owner to indicate who owns the animals and where they are kept. A PIC card is issued that lists the properties that the owner has nominated to run stock on and the registered identifiers for use with stock, namely their stock brand, earmark and pig tattoo.
Detailed information on the procedure and requirements is available on Registering as an owner of stock or as a beekeeper. The page also describes how to register as a manager of a non-farming property (for example commercial feedlot, transit depot, showground, vet clinic) and to transfer, cancel or update property, address and trading details of existing registrations and identifiers.
Stock Brand and PIC Register
All registered owners, PICs and stock brands in WA are recorded in the Stock Brand and PIC Register. Detailed instructions for searching the register and how to look for available stock brands are in the Stock Brand and PIC Register search guide.
Identification of livestock is required by law to assist owners and provide traceability. Correct identification is essential for traceability for disease or residue purposes and to assist in deterring stock theft and recovering stolen animals.
There are three types of stock identification:
- registered identifiers
- approved identifiers
- National Livestock Identification System (NLIS) identifiers.
There are specified identification requirements for each type of livestock, summarised below. Full details including application methods and age timeframes are available via each species page link.
DPIRD Brands Office issues the registered identifiers. Each species has an identification requirement consisting of a stock brand, earmark or tattoo and an age by which time stock should be identified.
A preferred type of identification system for a recognised group, such as a breed society, may be approved on application. Approved identifiers replace registered identifiers. See Approved identifiers for livestock for more information.
The NLIS is a permanent, whole-of-life identification system that enables animals to be tracked from property of birth to slaughter or export. NLIS identification and tracing requirements differ according to the species. Cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats and pigs are identified under this system.
Cattle and buffalo must have a registered identifier (brand and/or earmark) and an NLIS electronic device. The device enables individual cattle or buffalo to be tracked from property of birth to slaughter or export. All movements off property require a waybill or equivalent movement document, and if to a different PIC, must be recorded in the national NLIS database.
More information can be obtained by contacting the helpdesk.
WA Cattle NLIS Helpdesk
T: +61 (0)8 9780 6222
M: +61 (0)427 089 860
Sheep must have a registered identifier (earmark) and an NLIS tag with either the brand or PIC of the owner displayed. This allows for mob-based traceability using visually readable ear tags or individual identification and traceability with NLIS electronic devices. All movements of sheep off property require a waybill or equivalent movement document, and if to a different PIC, must be recorded on the national NLIS database.
Goats must have an NLIS tag with either the brand or PIC displayed and may have a registered identifier (earmark). This allows for mob-based traceability using visually readable ear tags or individual identification and traceability with NLIS electronic devices. All movements of goats off property require a waybill or equivalent movement document, and if to a different PIC, must be recorded on the national NLIS database.
Pigs must have a registered identifier as a tattoo or an NLIS tag with the PIC of the current owner displayed, prior to being moved. This allows for mob-based traceability using visually readable ear tags or a slap brand tattoo, depending on the weight of the pigs. All movements of pigs off property require a waybill or equivalent movement document, and if to a different PIC, must be recorded on the PigPass database, which automatically updates the NLIS database.
The following livestock do not have NLIS identification requirements and are to be identified as follows.
Horses are identified by a registered identifier applied as a brand or an approved identifier which includes a microchip. Movements of horses off property do not require a waybill or equivalent movement document unless it is being moved to an abattoir for slaughter for human consumption.
Deer and South American camelids
Deer and South American camelids are identified by a registered identifier (brand and/or earmark) or an approved identifier. Movements off property require a waybill or equivalent movement document.
The regulations do not require camels to be identified. It is up to the individual to identify their animals if they wish to claim ownership or distinguish from feral populations or camels owned by another party. Movements of camels off property do not require a waybill or equivalent movement document unless they are being consigned to abattoir for human consumption.
The regulations do not require ostriches to be identified. An ostrich may be identified by a registered identifier applied as a brand on an approved neck tag or an approved leg band or an approved identifier. Movements of ostriches off property do not require a waybill or equivalent movement document.
Whenever livestock are moved off a property, livestock movement documentation is required. A waybill, national vendor declaration (NVD)/waybill, Pigpass NVD/waybill or equivalent must accompany all movements of livestock whenever they leave a property (except horses and camels - unless they are being consigned to abattoir for human consumption - or ostriches).
Additionally, transporting stock across disease management lines requires specific protocols to be followed.
- For tick line enquiries, call: 08 9363 4127 or 0427 712 922
- For bluetongue line enquiries, call: 08 9651 0534 or 0427 420 176
When is a waybill not required?
A waybill is not required when moving stock between properties with the same PIC, if the stock is accompanied by your current PIC card or a full copy of it (showing both sides). Your card must list the properties registered to that PIC and stock being moved need to be identified or registered to that PIC.
Livestock movement into and out of WA
Control measures, requirements, procedures and protocols are prescribed for the controlled and recorded movement of all livestock entering and leaving WA.
For importing livestock from overseas and other Australian states and territories, see Importing livestock into WA. For livestock movement to other Australian states and territories, consult with the importing state.
Non-farming (supply chain) property operator
There are specific protocols for operators of:
- export depots
- holding or transit yards
- showgrounds and event locations
- vet clinics.