Genetically modified (GM) crops
As the world’s demand for food continues to increase plant breeders work to breed better yielding crop varieties. They use a range of methods including conventional breeding, mutagenesis, genetic modification, and marker aided selection to breed new improved crop varieties. Genetic modification allows plant breeders to produce a crop variety that could not be bred using conventional breeding.
There are two types of GM crops grown in Australia - insect resistant and herbicide tolerant cotton and herbicide tolerant canola.
The Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia’s GM crops website (http://grains.agric.wa.gov.au/node/genetically-modified-crops) contains information on GM crops in Western Australia.
The Office of the Gene Technology Regulator website (http://www.ogtr.gov.au/) outlines the Australian regulatory system for GMOs and contains a list of approved Australian dealings with GMOs.
The Australian Biotechnology Council of Australia website (http://www.abca.com.au/) provides science-based information about gene technology in agriculture.