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African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious virus that causes an often fatal disease in pigs and wild boar.
Western Australia's access to livestock and livestock product export markets, worth about $2 billion annually, relies on Australia being free of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD).
There are multiple possible causes of both infertility and abortion in ewes, but making a definitive diagnosis is often difficult. Some diseases which are exotic to Australia can cause abortions.
Avian influenza is an infectious disease of birds caused by an influenza virus.
Australia is free of many infectious horse diseases, saving owners costly disease control. The occurrence of an emergency horse disease could severely restrict horse movements, racing and other com
Screw worm fly is considered the most serious exotic pest threatening Australia's livestock industries and could cost up to $500 million a year in lost production and control measures if it entered
Hendra virus is an emergency animal disease transmitted to horses by flying foxes (fruit bats).
The National TSE Surveillance Program (NTSESP) conducts surveillance for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE or mad cow disease) in cattle and scrapie in sheep.
Australia is free of scrapie, which is a fatal, progressive, degenerative disease of the central nervous system of sheep and goats.
If an emergency animal disease such as foot-and-mouth disease was found in Australia, a national livestock standstill would be implemented immediately.