Crops

The Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development continues to support the growth and international competitiveness of all crop industries in Western Australia.

With a 2400 kilometre span from its tropical north to its temperate south, WA supports a broad range of cropping industries from rain-fed winter cereals through to irrigated horticultural crops.

In the 2012/13 year the WA cropping industries exported a total of $3.9 billion which comprised: $3.1 billion of cereals, $859 million of pulses, pastures and oilseeds, $142 million of horticultural crops. The major contributors to these exports were wheat ($2.7 billion), canola ($756 million), barley ($377 million), lupins ($42 million), carrots at $48 million, oats ($12 million), and strawberries at $5.5 million.

Articles

  • There are specific requirements for hay for the export market that are different to usual on-farm requirements.

  • Oats in Western Australia are grown for grain, hay, grazing or silage. Each year between 250 000 and 350 000 hectares are sown for grain production, and 113 000 hectares for hay production.

  • Affected plants are stunted with few tillers.

    A soil-borne pest affecting roots of cereal crops, cereal cyst nematode (CCN) can cause substantial yield losses, particularly in continuous cereal crops.

  • At head emergence, each grain is replaced by brown to black powdery spores

    Loose smut (Ustilago avenae) and covered smut (Ustilago hordei) of oats are both externally seed- borne diseases with similar symptoms which are difficult to distinguish in the fi

  • Major leaf diseases of oats are stem rust, leaf rust, barley yellow dwarf virus and septoria avenae blotch; their severity changes with seasons.

  • UAN spray damage in wheat

    Post-emergent (mainly sprayed) fertiliser can cause leaf scorching, but affected plants recover without any yield loss.

  • Successful crop establishment is the key to maximising crop yield potential.  Focus on paddock selection, the use of good quality seed, optimising seeding rate, depth and spacing, and matching vari

  • Durack was launched in September 2016 as a candidate milling variety with potential for use in oaten hay production.

  • Patchy growth, with plants in poor areas stunted with pale older green leaves with yellow/orange -red ends

    Oats are more susceptible to zinc (Zn) deficiency than wheat or barley.

  • Nitrogen deficiency symptoms, note water weeds and puddle

    Waterlogging and salinity often occur together. Oats are very waterlogging tolerant but are more susceptible to salinity damage than wheat and barley.

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