Grains

The Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia (DAFWA) has significant direct investment in grains research, development and extension capability and activities, research infrastructure and policy development.

The Western Australian grains industry is a major contributor to the agrifood sector and the Australian economy.  WA produces on average 13 million tonnes of grains (cereals, oilseeds and pulses) each year.  Grain exports generate more than $4 billion (five year average) for the WA economy each year – making it the largest agricultural sector in the state, and the fourth largest export industry overall after iron ore, oil and gas, and gold.

WA exports about 80% of its annual grain production to more than 50 countries worldwide. Indonesia is WA’s top wheat export market worth over $0.5 billion per year. WA is the world’s leading supplier of premium malting barley to China, the major supplier of wheat for the Japanese udon noodle market, and a major feed barley supplier to the Middle East.

In the 2014/15 season it is estimated the WA grains industry exported a total of $3.7 billion of cereals and $790 billion of pulse, pasture and oilseeds. The major contributors to these exports were wheat ($2.7 billion), barley ($905 million), canola ($710 million), oats ($83 million) and lupins ($77 million).

Articles

  • 18 January 2017

    The Pest and Disease Information Service (PaDIS) provides advisory and identification services on animal and plant pests, weeds and diseases that impact Western Australia's agriculture and food ind

  • 19 February 2016

    Control methods for glaucous star thistle (Carthamus leucocaulos) a declared pest in Western Australia.

  • 18 November 2016

    Organic matter makes up just 2-10% of the soils mass but has a critical role in the physical, chemical and biological function of agricultural soils.

  • 23 November 2016

    This page describes the role and responsibilities of the Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia's Institutional Biosafety Committee.

  • 28 September 2016

    Oats in Western Australia are grown for grain, hay, grazing or silage. Each year between 250 000 and 350 000 hectares are sown for grain production, and 113 000 hectares for hay production.

  • 28 September 2016

    There are specific requirements for hay for the export market that are different to usual on-farm requirements.  These include earlier cutting times, green hay colour, low moisture content, freedom

  • 18 November 2016

    Methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O) and carbon dioxide (CO2) are the main greenhouse gas emissions associated with agricultural production.

  • 18 November 2016

    Organic carbon has declined in most Western Australian agricultural soils due to land clearing and agricultural practices.

  • 2 March 2016

    Green and brown manuring are practices where plant material is returned to the soil to improve soil fertility, conserve soil water, reduce weed and disease burdens, and increase soil organic matter

  • 3 March 2016

    Nitrous oxide is one of the primary greenhouse gases causing climate change.

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