Pulses

Western Australian pulse production is relatively small with about $19 million of field peas and $3 million of chickpeas produced in 2011–12. 

The top four export markets for Western Australian pulses are India, Malaysia, Pakistan and the Philippines.

Field peas are exported for human consumption into India and Bangladesh while the remainder is exported into stockfeed markets in the Middle East and Europe.

The Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development supports the pulse industry through variety evaluation (with Pulse Breeders Australia) and the development of chickpea management packages including a specialised field pea disease forecasting system – that has been adopted across southern Australia.

Articles

  • Poor weed and pea germination due to wet saline soil

    Field peas are sensitive to waterlogging and moderately sensitive to soil salinity. Soil salinity affects plant growth by reducing the roots ability to extract water from the soil.

  • Smaller plants with necrotic spots on older leaves

    Field peas have a high potassium (K) requirement, but deficiency has been rare because they are mainly grown on heavy textured soils.

     

  • Mildly deficient plants are smaller and less branched

    Nearly all soils in Western Australia were phosphorus (P) deficient when cleared for agriculture, but continual use of P fertiliser means acute deficiency in broadacre crops is rare, with the excep

  • Adult is 5mm long with white, black and grey patches

    The pea weevil (Bruchus pisorum) is  in fact a beetle not a weevil and should really be called the pea beetle. It is one of the most damaging pests of field peas.

  • Intially the plants are paler with a pink shade

    Nitrogen deficiency from nodule dysfunction can be caused by lack of Rhizobia, soil conditions, herbicide toxicity, or molybdenum or sulphur deficiency.

  • New leaves develop light coloured necrotic areas on leaf margins near the apex

    Manganese toxicity has not been diagnosed in field peas in Western Australia. It has recently been diagnosed in canola on an acidic heavy soil with high manganese levels.

  • Red legged earth mite and Blue Oat mite

    Field peas are very susceptible to mite damage at the seedling stage.

  • Young leaf interveinal chlorosis and puckering on dun type variety

    Manganese (Mn) deficiency has been diagnosed in highly alkaline Esperance mallee soils that are also susceptible to Mn deficiency in cereals.

  • Pale green to intense yellow new leaves that contrast with healthy green old leaves

    Iron (Fe) deficiency is often seen on highly calcareous soils in the Esperance mallee, particularly in late July when soil temperatures are low and there is excess water in the soil.

     

  • White chlorosis on tendrils and spray contact points

    Group F herbicides are registered for selective control of wild radish, wild mustard and wild turnip in cereals, legume crops and legume pastures.

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