Hay production

The oaten hay market in Western Australia (WA) has developed significantly in recent years. There is an increased focus on the quality of hay for the export market and as a result interest in quality for the domestic market has also grown.

Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia is a partner in the National Oat Breeding Program which has a focus on identifying oats suitable for hay production in WA.


  • Oats are more competitive with weeds than most other crops but weed control is still critical, particularly in hay crops as weeds can cause downgrading or rejection of export hay.

  • Oats in Western Australia are grown for grain, hay, grazing or silage. Each year between 250 000 and 350 000 hectares are sown for grain production, and 113 000 hectares for hay production.

  • Straw or brown colour spots surrounded by a yellow water-soaked halo than may resemble septoria

    There are two types of bacterial disease which infect oat foliage; halo blight (Pseudomonas syringae pv. coronafaciens) and stripe blight (Pseudomonas syringae pv.