Lupins

Western Australia is the world’s largest producer and exporter of lupins with the majority exported as animal feed to the European Union, Japan and Korea – delivering the state about $65 million in export earnings in 2011–12.

Lupins are now being promoted as human food with medical studies confirming their benefits in combating high blood sugar, heart disease and obesity.

Since the release of the first fully domesticated Australian sweet lupin in the late 1960s, lupin breeding by the Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development has resulted in a doubling of lupin yields from 0.7-1.5 tonnes per hectare.

The department supports the pre-breeding, breeding, agronomics and market development of the WA lupins industry, in conjunction with industry partners.

Articles

  • Information is provided here to assist management of diseases and viruses that occur in broadacre crops grown in Western Australia - cereals (wheat, barley, oats and triticale), pulses (field pea,

  • Wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum) is highly competitive in crops and can cause a yield loss of 10-90%.

  • This series of video tutorials has been produced to provide advice about the best ways to monitor and sample crops to diagnose and overcome constraints to crop production.

  • Management of weeds, disease and nitrogen nutrition are ongoing challenges that limit yield potential.

  • 'Crop-topping' is the late application of herbicides to prevent weed seed-set.

  • Aphids reduce yields by direct feeding damage which causes flower and pod abortion and occassionally plant death in lupins.

  • The extent of damage varies between seasons, but losses can be severe in years that favour aphid population development.

  • Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) is a seed- and aphid-borne virus that infects narrow-leafed lupins. It can also infect many other broad-leafed plant species.

  • Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV) causes a serious disease in narrow-leafed lupins. BYMV is found predominantly in high rainfall wheatbelt zones but occurs less often in medium rainfall zones.

  • Andromeda is a variety of albus lupin with considerably better tolerance to the disease anthracnose (Colletotrichum lupini) than Kiev Mutant.

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