Soil erosion resulting from water is a major issue for Australian agriculture. The annual direct cost of water erosion to dryland farming in Western Australia is estimated to be around $10.1 million. Water erosion is usually associated with intense rainfall events combined with inappropriate tillage practice, poor ground surface cover, steep slopes and a lack of surface water flow-control structures. The department can provide technical information to landholders to reduce water erosion hazard by recommending best practice land management. Technical information is also available to assist with remediating existing erosion.