Indian ringneck parakeet: animal pest alert

Page last updated: Monday, 5 February 2018 - 1:43pm

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The Indian ringneck is common throughout much of its extensive natural range. It occurs in sub-Saharan Africa and southern Asia from Afghanistan and Pakistan east through India to Myanmar (Burma) and south-east China.

Populations resulting from the escape or release of caged birds occur in Europe, the United States, the Middle East, Japan, Singapore and several island groups including the Hawaiian, Canary, Andaman and Maldive islands. Many of these populations are expanding in size and range.


Indian ringnecks occupy a range of habitats including semi-desert, open scrub, bushland, evergreen forest, light rainforest and agricultural land with scattered trees. They also inhabit gardens, orchards, towns and cities.

Introduced populations are found mainly in cities and towns where they rely on rich fruit-bearing vegetation and bird feeders for food. In England these populations are spreading from towns into rural areas.

In Western Australia escaped Indian ringnecks are often attracted to bird feeders containing seed or fruit put out for other species.

Reproduction, food and behaviour

Indian ringnecks usually nest in tree hollows higher than 3.5m off the ground, but they can also use holes in rock faces, roof cavities and walls.

They eat a wide variety of foods including cereal grains, legumes, fruits, nuts and blossoms.

Indian ringnecks are assertive, adaptable and resourceful. Being social birds they are usually seen in small groups but they can form large flocks of hundreds at roosts and food sources. The species is long-lived, commonly surviving in captivity for 20 years.

Contact information

Pest and Disease Information Service (PaDIS)
+61 (0)8 9368 3080